Six Types of Training and Development Techniques

1.On-the-job Training and Lectures

The two most frequently used kinds of training are on-the-job training and lectures, although little research exists as to the effectiveness of either. It is usually impossible to teach someone everything she needs to know at a location away from the workplace. Thus on-the-job training often supplements other kinds of training, e.g., classroom or off-site training; but on-the-job training is frequently the only form of training. It is usually informal, which means, unfortunately, that the trainer does not concentrate on the training as much as she should, and the trainer may not have a well-articulated picture of what the novice needs to learn.

On-the-job training is not successful when used to avoid developing a training program, though it can be an effective part of a well-coordinated training program.

Lectures are used because of their low cost and their capacity to reach many people. Lectures, which use one-way communication as opposed to interactive learning techniques, are much criticized as a training device.

2. Programmed Instruction (PI)

These devices systematically present information to the learner and elicit a response; they use reinforcement principles to promote appropriate responses. When PI was originally developed in the 1950s, it was thought to be useful only for basic subjects. Today the method is used for skills as diverse as air traffic control, blueprint reading, and the analysis of tax returns.

3. Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI)

With CAI, students can learn at their own pace, as with PI. Because the student interacts with the computer, it is believed by many to be a more dynamic learning device. Educational alternatives can be quickly selected to suit the student’s capabilities, and performance can be monitored continuously. As instruction proceeds, data are gathered for monitoring and improving performance.

4. Audiovisual Techniques

Both television and film extend the range of skills that can be taught and the way information may be presented. Many systems have electronic blackboards and slide projection equipment. The use of techniques that combine audiovisual systems such as closed circuit television and telephones has spawned a new term for this type of training, teletraining. The feature on ” Sesame Street ” illustrates the design and evaluation of one of television’s favorite children’s program as a training device.

5. Simulations

Training simulations replicate the essential characteristics of the real world that are necessary to produce both learning and the transfer of new knowledge and skills to application settings. Both machine and other forms of simulators exist. Machine simulators often have substantial degrees of. physical fidelity; that is, they represent the real world’s operational equipment. The main purpose of simulation, however, is to produce psychological fidelity, that is, to reproduce in the training those processes that will be required on the job. We simulate for a number of reasons, including to control the training environment, for safety, to introduce feedback and other learning principles, and to reduce cost.

6. Business games

They are the direct progeny of war games that have been used to train officers in combat techniques for hundreds of years. Almost all early business games were designed to teach basic business skills, but more recent games also include interpersonal skills. Monopoly might be considered the quintessential business game for young capitalists. It is probably the first place youngsters learned the words mortgage, taxes, and go to jail.

Best Tips on Group Health Insurance

Perhaps many of you are wondering what a group health insurance policy really means. Well, the answer is not complicated at all! It is just an insurance coverage made by an employer or other authority that is meant to cover all individuals in a particular group!

A group health insurance gives an employer the advantage of not paying the whole premium for the insurance policy in order to cover his employees. In the past, an employer was expected to pay for all the benefits of the employees, but fortunately, now the times have changed and an employer only has to donate just a part of the health insurance premium of the employees.

The general attitude of the insurance companies is to offer lower rates for a group health insurance than on an individual one. This is the main reason why people who are self employed to be aiming for a small business health insurance too. These persons can not be blamed, even if they incorporated to give the insurance company the impression of a larger corporation, as they are only trying to get a good deal on their small business health insurance rates. The result is that each and every person struggles to get an insurance plan, as a small business health insurance is very cheap when compared to individual health insurance.

It is a commonly known fact that group health insurance plans are very much appreciated by all the employees. This is the main reason why most employees value it very much too. A group health insurance policy or a small business health insurance has contributed to the success of many organizations. They have that enabled them to continue employ new people and, at the same time, keep the best people in their business!

No matter what group health insurance plans, service suppliers or a health maintenance plans that a company may offer, there are so many places where you can get informed about these things. You must carefully analyze the group health insurance quotes that a number of insurance companies offer, before deciding if there is something to suit your expectations.

In order to make the best decision regarding a group health insurance, a recruiter must study all the websites and brochures of the health insurance companies that the employee has selected and intends to engage. After comparing their service plans, costs and methods of payment, you must also keep an eye on the starting and ending dates of the insurance policies. The interesting, but disturbing thing is that some health insurance companies only cover you from your third payment, therefore you must be very well informed before making such an important decision.

Last, but not least, there is one more thing you'll have to consider before choosing a group health insurance plan or a small business health insurance: there should be any services or illnesses that are excluded from the policy, it is best to know it from the start. This is the main reason why it is for the best interest of any employee to keep away from any group health insurance policy that only covers a small number of diseases.

Cheap Dublin Hotels

Getting a hotel in Dublin can be a bit tricky. Since it is a small city, its hotels often get booked to capacity fast. Early reservations are a must for travelers and tourists. And booking in advance may prove to be more than just practical. You can also get discounts by reserving a room beforehand.

You will need discounts especially in peak seasons when hotel rates jack up. But there are also reliably cheap hotels in Dublin you can afford even without discounts.

Cheap Hotels

Location plays a great part in the rates of hotels. The closer you are to the heart of the city, the more expensive accommodations become. But before you go ahead and check in at any hotel in the outskirts of Dublin, be reminded that public transportation is hard to come by at night. You may end up spending large sums on transportation that in the end would amount to the savings you got from not staying in a city hotel.

For a backpacker, Dublin's several hostels are your best bet for cheap accommodation. You may have to share a room with complete strangers but it would be fun to meet fellow travelers you can exchange stories with.

If you are traveling with your family or a large group of friends, check out the apartments you can rent for the duration of your visit. There are also bed and breakfast townhouses operated by families. Most of these are certified Family Homes of Ireland (FHOI). This may be the best way to experience Irish living. Their rates may be slightly higher though. Sometimes they can be priced higher than hotels too. So be sure you check the rates first and compare before deciding on your accommodation.

For best rates, book well in advance. And if you do not mind moving your trip, reschedule it during off-peak season. You will get rooms at a much cheaper rate. Also, mid-week accommodations are priced lower than weekends.

Nokia Mobile Phones – A Breakthrough in World of Telecommunication

If a real breakthrough has been bought in the world of mobiles then its Nokia Mobile phones. They have marked the real beginning of breakthrough in mobile communicating with high performance mobile phones in the market. Their wide range of models for diverse class of people and budget groups suggests that the fact that Nokia never discriminates on the grounds of income and status. They create mobiles for all people and try their level best to input some really useful features in their lower end mobile phones. They have been successful to do that in mid range models and there are many mid range Nokia mobile phones which can give stiff competition to high end mobile phones of other brands.

Their latest is the N series and through this series of mobile phones Nokia has tried to enhance the lives of people to a great extent. These phones are called multimedia computers which are perfect blend of ergonomics and designing. Now one may think that Nokia mobile phones of high end models are quite difficult to use. On the contrary they are easy than one can think of. The easy to use phones have enhanced lives of people and now even end users can take the pleasure of using services like WAP, Bluetooth and alike.

When we talk of high end Nokia mobile phones we must talk about three features which is very common to all high end phones from this Finnish company. Input of all useful features, High sound quality and video calling facility. The features of Nokia N series or E series phones are always useful to one way or the other. You may not use them regularly but once you find their utmost need and the handset comes to your rescue.

The second feature sound quality of Nokia mobile phones is something you can swear upon. The built in speakers themselves gives so much quality sound what would be quality if you use accessories like Nokia Bluetooth Speakers MD-5W. The 3D sound effect and output of exact pitch of musical instruments while you play your favorite numbers is one of the qualities of Nokia mobile phones.

Most of the high end Nokia mobile phones have secondary VGA camera for video calling option. This is a very important feature of Nokia high end mobile phones and you will find this feature only in select models of other brands.